Pilibhit is a city and a municipal
board in Pilibhit district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is
the north-eastern most district of Bareilly division, which is situated
in Rohilkhand region of the sub Himalayan Plateau belt on the boundary
of Nepal, which is known for being the origin of river Gomati.
According to a report issued by the Government of India, Pilibhit is one of the Minority Concentrated Areas in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators. Pilibhit is one of the forest rich areas of Uttar Pradesh. Almost 54 km along Indo-Nepal international border makes Pilibhit highly sensitive for security purposes. According to the Government of India, 45.23% of Pilibhit's population lives below poverty.
Pilibhit's forests have at least 36 tigers and a good predator base for their survival. These forests, part of terai forests, with grasslands constitute habitat for over 127 animals, 556 bird species and 2,100 flowering plants. They are also home to around 6 million people who depend on them for their livelihoods.
The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve came into existence in 2008, when the Government of India approved the area for its inhabitants in the Pilibhit district of Uttar Pradesh. This is one of the finest examples of the exceedingly diverse and productive Terai eco-systems.
The northern edge of the reserve lies along the Indo-Nepal border while the southern boundary is marked by the river Sharada and Khakra. It is home to a large number of rare and endangered species, which include tiger, leopard, swamp deer, hispidhare, Bengal floricans, and so on.
Under its 'Education for All' program, the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh seeks to provide free basic education to all children. Under this initiative, children also receive school uniforms, a stipend, school supplies and midday meals.
However, as some communities are left out for political, economic or geographical reasons, Vivek Canada is helping to fill the gap by establishing primary schools in geographically-remote areas.